Logic systems and processors

The course is an introduction to basic hardware structures of computing resources, their design, and architecture. It provides an overview of the implementation of data operations at hardware and the creation of embedded processor systems with peripherals on advance programmable logic FPGAs.

Forma studia
Počet kreditů
zápočet a zkouška
Jazyk výuky
Obsah přednášek

1. The structure of computer systems. Logical expressions versus logic gates. Logical cube and build logic functions of Karnaugh maps. Group minimization. Boolean algebra. De Morgan theorem. SAT problem and Shannon expansion. Binary Decision Diagrams.
2. VHDL language to describe circuits, basic design. Descriptions of basic combinational circuits in the schemes and VHDL.
3. Implementation of basic combinational logic circuits for computers and their descriptions in the schemes and VHDL. Sequential circuits.
4. Sequential circuits and their basic types. Latch-type flip-flops and Master-Slave.
5. Describe in VHDL Behavioral style, registers, and counters.
6. Basic sequential circuits computers. Memory and their structure in VHDL.
7. Implementation of circuits within the FPGA. Problems with the concurrence of parallel operations in logic circuits. Metastability circuit. Elements used in 3rd and 4th project.
8. professional manner for testing and simulation of VHDL programs, ie. Creating Testbench. Using ModelSim simulation breakpoints and stepping in VHDL programs.
9. FSM (Finite State Machine) - genesis, Mealy and Moore automata. Solving machines in VHDL. Tasks leading to FSMs, design and testing machines.
10. From a controller to the processor. Data path. Activity Example 1bitového CPU processor and its testing.
11. The structure of soft-core processor on the chip, its usage and modifications.
12. Processor peripherals and connectivities, internal bus circuits.
13. Advanced CPU and features to build custom embedded systems processor.
14.-Basics interfacing with, or difficulties connecting circuits. Protections of inputs and outputs, problems with the wires, buses and various types of loads. Power Solution and countries. Galvanic isolation.

Náplň cvičení

Students receive credits in practical exercises by solving individual projects on FPGA development boards Altera DE2; which are utilized by dozens of the world's leading universities. License terms for programming the Altera Quartus II environment and allow its installation on the home computer students.