2.Spacecraft interact with environment.
3.Methods for overcome harmful effects on the spacecraft.
5.Risk of contamination of surfaces.
6.Spacecraft in an extreme thermal environment.
7.Expose of high energetic radiation.
8.Effect of radiation to solar panel and electronics.
9.Risk of spacecraft with colliding with micrometeoroids and orbital debris.
10.Risk in lower orbits.
11.Chemical reaction on the surface of the spacecraft.
12.Electrically charged by plasma of spacecraft.
13.Effect of electrostatic discharge to electronics instruments.
Spacecraft Environment Interactions